Damien Hirst is a British artist widely recognized for his controversial and provocative works that challenge the boundaries of art and its relationship with commerce and mortality. Born in 1965, Hirst emerged as a leading figure of the Young British Artists movement in the late 1980s and early 1990s. His diverse body of work encompasses installations, sculptures, paintings, and prints. Hirst gained international acclaim for his series of preserved animals in formaldehyde, most notably the iconic shark piece titled "The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living." With his audacious and thought-provoking creations, Hirst has cemented his status as one of the most influential and polarizing artists of his generation.